Funding

DOE Support

We gratefully acknowledge support from the Division of Chemical Sciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Energy Research, U.S. Department of Energy through grant DE-FG02-98ER14907. This funding supports work in electrically driving separations, such as electrodialysis through polyelectrolyte multilayer membranes.

NIH Support

We gratefully acknowledge support from the National Institutes of Health (1R01 DK019986-01, Spence PI). This grant supports a collaboration with Professor Dana Spence of Michigan State University and aims to insert highly specific membranes into microfluidic devices and selectively control the species involved in cell-to-cell communication.

NSF Support

We gratefully acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation (CHE-1506315). This grant currently funds our work on membrane-based digestion for identification of protein post-translational modifications and investigations of protein sequence and structure.

NSF PIRE Support

We are grateful for support from Water and Commerce- Technologies to Enable Environmental Sustainability in Global Markets. This is a National Science Foundation PIRE grant (OIS 1243433) to Duke University and Michigan State University, and this funding supports graduate student Zhefei Yang.